What is trauma?


Individual trauma results from an event, series of events, or set of circumstances that is experienced by an individual as physically or emotionally harmful or threatening and that has lasting adverse effects on the individual's functioning and physical, social, emotional, or spiritual well-being. In short, trauma is the sum of the event, the experience, and the effect.


What is Crisis?


According to James and Gilliland (2001), “…crisis is a perception or experience of an event or situation as an intolerable difficulty that exceeds the person’s current resources and coping mechanisms.”


What is Resilience?


Resilience is the process of adapting well in the face of adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats or significant sources of stress. It means "bouncing back" from difficult experiences. Resilience is not a trait that people either have or do not have. It involves behaviors, thoughts and actions that can be learned and developed in anyone.


Types of Trauma


Trauma and crisis can stem from various sources. 4 the Healing in You, Inc. has the following Primary Focus Areas (in no particular order):


  1. Youth Hunger and Homeless

  2. Child Abuse and Domestic Violence

  3. Bullying Awareness and Prevention

  4. Suicide Awareness and Prevention


Important to Know


Traumatic experiences are inherently complex, occurs within a broad context, generates secondary adversity, results in varied reaction, elicits core concerns of danger and safety,  affect the family system, is influenced by cultural factors, and can be counteracted by protective and factors such as self-esteem, self-efficacy and coping skills to enhance resilience.


  1. James, K. J., & Gilliland, B. E. (2001) Crisis Intervention Strategies. Pacific Grove, PA: Brook/Cole.

  2. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2013). Trauma Definition Part Two: A Trauma-Informed Approach. Retrieved from http://www.samhsa.gov/traumajustice/traumadefinition/approach.aspx